1 April 1924

Adolf Hitler is sentenced to five years imprisonment for his participation in the “Beer Hall Putsch” but spends only nine months in jail. He is released at the end of 1924.

The “Beer Hall Putsch” took place on November 8-9, 1923, in Munich, Germany. Adolf Hitler, who was the leader of the National Socialist German Workers’ Party (NSDAP or Nazi Party), and his supporters attempted to overthrow the Weimar Republic government by launching a coup. During the coup attempt, they tried to seize key locations in Munich, but the coup failed, resulting in several deaths and injuries.

Hitler was arrested on November 11, 1923, and subsequently put on trial. During the trial, Hitler used it as a platform to gain publicity for his nationalist and anti-Semitic views. Despite being found guilty of treason, Hitler received a relatively lenient sentence of five years in prison, along with a fine.

While in prison, Hitler used his time to write his autobiography and political manifesto titled “Mein Kampf” (“My Struggle”). The book later became a central piece of Nazi ideology.

Hitler’s early release from prison was due to political considerations. The Weimar government, facing numerous political challenges and unrest, believed that keeping Hitler in prison could lead to further radicalization of his followers. As a result, Hitler was released on December 20, 1924, after serving only about nine months of his five-year sentence.

After his release, Hitler resumed his political activities and eventually rose to power, becoming the Chancellor of Germany in 1933. His regime led to one of the darkest chapters in human history, with the outbreak of World War II and the Holocaust, resulting in the genocide of millions of people, including six million Jews.