11 June 1509

Henry VIII of England marries Catherine of Aragon.

Catherine of Aragon was a Spanish princess who became the Queen of England as the first wife of King Henry VIII.

Early Life

Birth: She was born on December 16, 1485, in Alcalá de Henares, near Madrid, Spain.
Parents: She was the youngest daughter of King Ferdinand II of Aragon and Queen Isabella I of Castile, the Catholic Monarchs of Spain.
Education: Catherine received a strong education, including studies in Latin, French, philosophy, and theology. She was also trained in domestic skills appropriate for a queen.

Marriage to Arthur, Prince of Wales

First Marriage: At the age of 15, Catherine married Arthur, Prince of Wales, the eldest son of King Henry VII of England, on November 14, 1501.
Widowhood: Arthur died in April 1502, just a few months after their marriage, leaving Catherine a widow at a young age.

Marriage to Henry VIII

Betrothal to Henry: After Arthur’s death, Catherine was betrothed to his younger brother, Henry. They married on June 11, 1509, shortly after Henry ascended to the throne as Henry VIII.
Queen Consort: As queen consort, Catherine was known for her piety, intelligence, and diplomatic skills. She served as regent in 1513 while Henry was campaigning in France, notably overseeing the English victory against the Scots at the Battle of Flodden.

Issue and Annulment

Children: Catherine’s marriage to Henry VIII produced several children, but only one survived infancy: Mary, later known as Mary I of England. The lack of a surviving male heir became a significant issue.
Annulment: Henry VIII sought to annul his marriage to Catherine to marry Anne Boleyn, hoping for a male heir. The Pope’s refusal to annul the marriage led to Henry breaking from the Roman Catholic Church and establishing the Church of England. The marriage was annulled in 1533, and Catherine was stripped of her title as queen and confined to Kimbolton Castle.

Later Life and Death

Later Life: Catherine spent her final years in relative isolation, but she remained steadfast in her belief that she was Henry’s true wife and England’s rightful queen.
Death: Catherine died on January 7, 1536, at Kimbolton Castle. She was buried in Peterborough Cathedral.


Legacy: Catherine of Aragon is remembered for her dignity and strength during the tumultuous events of her life. Her daughter Mary I became the first reigning queen of England.