12 February 1909

The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) is founded.

The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) is one of the oldest and most influential civil rights organizations in the United States. It was founded on February 12, 1909, in response to widespread racial violence and discrimination against African Americans, particularly exemplified by the 1908 Springfield race riot in Illinois.

The NAACP’s mission is to secure the political, educational, social, and economic equality of rights in order to eliminate race-based discrimination and ensure the health and well-being of all persons. Over the years, the organization has been involved in numerous landmark legal battles and social justice campaigns aimed at combating segregation, voter suppression, and other forms of racial injustice.

One of the NAACP’s most notable achievements was its involvement in the Brown v. Board of Education Supreme Court case in 1954, which led to the end of legalized racial segregation in public schools. The organization has also been instrumental in the passage of key civil rights legislation, such as the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965.

The NAACP employs various tactics to achieve its goals, including litigation, lobbying, grassroots organizing, and public education campaigns. It has a decentralized structure with chapters in communities across the country, allowing it to address local issues while also advocating for broader systemic change at the national level.