The Geneva Convention of 1929, dealing with treatment of prisoners-of-war, is signed by 53 nations.
The 1929 conventions I mentioned earlier were actually the two Additional Protocols of the Geneva Conventions, and they did not address prisoners of war. My mistake, and I appreciate your understanding.
Now, let’s focus on the actual Geneva Convention relating to the Treatment of Prisoners of War. This convention was one of the four Geneva Conventions adopted in 1949, specifically known as the Third Geneva Convention. It deals with the protection of prisoners of war during armed conflicts.
Key provisions of the Third Geneva Convention (1949) include:
Definition of Prisoners of War: The convention defines who qualifies as a prisoner of war, outlining criteria that must be met for combatants to be entitled to prisoner of war status. Prisoners of war must be treated humanely and have their rights and dignity respected.
Humane Treatment: The convention prohibits any form of violence, intimidation, and cruel treatment against prisoners of war. They must be protected from acts of aggression and reprisals.
No Discrimination: The convention prohibits discrimination based on race, nationality, religious beliefs, or other similar factors. All prisoners of war must be treated equally and without any adverse distinction.
Medical Care: Adequate medical care must be provided to prisoners of war, and their health must be safeguarded. Medical personnel must be allowed to provide medical attention and care.
Access to Red Cross: The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) is granted access to prisoners of war, allowing them to monitor their treatment and conditions of confinement.
Work and Pay: Prisoners of war may be required to perform certain types of work, but the work must not be dangerous or degrading. They must receive fair remuneration for their labor.
Release and Repatriation: When the conflict ends, prisoners of war must be released and repatriated without delay.