28 February 1991

The first Gulf War ends.

The first Gulf War, also known as the Persian Gulf War, was a conflict that took place in 1990-1991 between Iraq and a coalition of forces led by the United States. The primary cause of the war was Iraq’s invasion of Kuwait on August 2, 1990.

Saddam Hussein, the President of Iraq at the time, claimed that Kuwait was historically part of Iraq and accused it of stealing oil from a disputed border region. Iraq’s invasion of Kuwait was met with widespread international condemnation, and the United Nations Security Council passed a series of resolutions demanding Iraq’s immediate withdrawal from Kuwait.

When Iraq failed to comply with the UN resolutions, a coalition of 35 countries, led by the United States, launched a military operation called Operation Desert Shield to defend Saudi Arabia, which had been threatened by Iraq, and to force Iraq out of Kuwait. This operation eventually led to the start of the ground war known as Operation Desert Storm, which lasted from January 17 to February 28, 1991, and resulted in the expulsion of Iraqi forces from Kuwait.