30 December 1813

War of 1812: British soldiers burn Buffalo, New York.

Burning of Buffalo, which occurred during the War of 1812 between the United States and Great Britain. In December 1813, British forces, along with their Native American allies, captured and burned the village of Buffalo in retaliation for the American destruction of Newark (present-day Niagara-on-the-Lake) in Upper Canada.

On December 30, 1813, British forces under the command of Lieutenant Colonel John Murray, along with Native American warriors led by Chief John Norton, entered Buffalo. The American forces had already abandoned the village, and the British set fire to many of the buildings. The destruction included homes, businesses, and military stores. The village was left in ruins.

The Burning of Buffalo was part of the larger conflict in the Niagara Frontier during the War of 1812. The war had seen several military engagements in the region, including the Battle of Fort George and the Battle of Lundy’s Lane. The destruction of Buffalo was one of the consequences of the ongoing hostilities between the United States and Great Britain in the area.