30 March 1856

The Treaty of Paris is signed, ending the Crimean War.

The Treaty of Paris of 1856 ended the Crimean War, a conflict fought primarily between Russia and an alliance of Great Britain, France, the Ottoman Empire, and the Kingdom of Sardinia.

The treaty was signed on March 30, 1856, in Paris, France, and it included several provisions that helped to end the war. Some of the key terms of the treaty included:

The recognition of the integrity and independence of the Ottoman Empire.
The demilitarization of the Black Sea, which prohibited Russia from maintaining a naval presence in the area.
The neutralization of the Danube River, which ensured the free navigation of the river and the independence of the Danubian Principalities.
The return of several territories to their pre-war owners, including the return of the Kars region to the Ottoman Empire and the return of the southern part of Bessarabia to Moldavia.

The Treaty of Paris of 1856 helped to establish a balance of power in Europe and prevent further conflict between Russia and the other great powers. The demilitarization of the Black Sea was a significant victory for the allies, as it greatly reduced Russia’s naval power and influence in the region. Overall, the treaty brought an end to a devastating war and helped to establish a framework for peace in Europe.