16 March 1978

Former Italian Prime Minister Aldo Moro is kidnapped; he is later murdered by his captors

Aldo Moro was an Italian statesman who played a significant role in Italian politics during the 20th century. He was born on September 23, 1916, in Maglie, Apulia, Italy, and he was assassinated on May 9, 1978, in Rome.

Moro was a prominent member of the Christian Democracy (DC) party, which was the dominant political force in Italy for much of the post-World War II period. He served as Prime Minister of Italy on multiple occasions:

First Term (1963-1968): Moro’s first term as Prime Minister began in December 1963 and lasted until 1968. During this period, he focused on economic reforms and social policies, including efforts to modernize Italy’s infrastructure and address poverty.

Second Term (1974-1976): Moro served as Prime Minister for a second time from 1974 to 1976. His second term was marked by challenges such as political instability and the emergence of terrorism from left-wing extremist groups like the Red Brigades.

Moro’s tenure as Prime Minister was characterized by his pragmatic approach to politics and his ability to navigate the complex and often fractious world of Italian politics. He was known for his commitment to dialogue and compromise, seeking to build consensus across ideological divides.

Tragically, Moro’s life was cut short by one of the most infamous events in Italian history. In 1978, while he was serving as the President of the Christian Democracy party, Moro was kidnapped by the Red Brigades, a radical left-wing terrorist group. Despite extensive efforts by the Italian government and appeals from Moro himself for negotiations, he was ultimately executed by his captors after 55 days in captivity.

Moro’s abduction and murder shocked Italy and the world, leading to widespread condemnation of terrorism and sparking a national reckoning with political violence. His legacy as a skilled statesman and a tragic victim of terrorism remains an important part of Italian political history.