4 April 1925

The Schutzstaffel (SS) is founded under Adolf Hitler’s Nazi Party in Germany.

The Schutzstaffel (SS), which translates to “Protection Squadron” in English, was a paramilitary organization in Nazi Germany that played a significant role in Adolf Hitler’s regime. Originally established in 1925 as Hitler’s personal bodyguard unit, the SS expanded into a powerful and influential organization under the leadership of Heinrich Himmler.

Personal Protection: Initially, the SS was tasked with providing security and protection for Hitler and other high-ranking Nazi officials.

Policing: The SS established its own police force, the SS-Totenkopfverbände (Death’s Head Units), which administered concentration camps and carried out various policing duties, including suppression of dissent and enforcing racial policies.

Racial Ideology and Eugenics: Under Himmler’s leadership, the SS became deeply involved in implementing Nazi racial policies, including the persecution and extermination of Jews, Romani people, homosexuals, and others deemed undesirable according to Nazi ideology. The SS played a central role in the Holocaust, coordinating the mass murder of millions of people in extermination camps.

Military Operations: During World War II, the SS expanded into a military force, with combat units such as the Waffen-SS. These units fought alongside the regular German army and were involved in numerous war crimes and atrocities.

Security and Intelligence: The SS also had its own intelligence agency, the Sicherheitsdienst (SD), which was responsible for espionage, surveillance, and gathering intelligence within Germany and occupied territories.

Heinrich Himmler, as Reichsführer-SS, wielded immense power within the organization. Under his leadership, the SS became synonymous with terror and brutality, carrying out some of the most heinous crimes in human history.

After World War II, the SS was declared a criminal organization by the International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg, and its members were held accountable for war crimes and crimes against humanity committed during the Holocaust and the war. The SS remains a symbol of Nazi terror and genocide, and its atrocities continue to be remembered as some of the darkest chapters in human history.