10 June 1924

Fascists kidnap and kill Italian Socialist leader Giacomo Matteotti in Rome.

Giacomo Matteotti was an Italian socialist politician who was a prominent critic of Benito Mussolini and the Fascist regime in Italy. His assassination in 1924 is a significant event in Italian history, often seen as a critical moment in the consolidation of Fascist power.


Giacomo Matteotti: Born in 1885, Matteotti was a dedicated socialist and a member of the Italian Socialist Party (PSI). He was known for his strong opposition to Fascism and his advocacy for democracy and workers’ rights.
Political Climate: By the early 1920s, Mussolini’s Fascist Party was gaining power, often through violent means. The March on Rome in 1922 marked Mussolini’s rise to power as he was appointed Prime Minister.

The Assassination:

May 30, 1924: Matteotti delivered a bold speech in the Italian Parliament, denouncing the Fascists for their violence, corruption, and electoral fraud in the recent elections.
June 10, 1924: Matteotti was kidnapped in broad daylight in Rome. Witnesses reported seeing him being forced into a car by Fascist thugs.
Discovery: His body was found on August 16, 1924, in a rural area near Rome. He had been brutally murdered.


Public Outrage: The murder sparked widespread outrage and condemnation. Many Italians were horrified by the brutality and brazen nature of the crime.
Political Consequences: The assassination led to a political crisis. Some members of Parliament and prominent figures called for Mussolini’s resignation.
Mussolini’s Response: Initially, Mussolini distanced himself from the crime, but as pressure mounted, he decided to take a bold stance. On January 3, 1925, Mussolini gave a speech in Parliament, taking responsibility for the actions of the Fascists and effectively declaring himself dictator.


Consolidation of Power: The Matteotti assassination marked a turning point in Mussolini’s consolidation of power. It allowed him to crush opposition and further entrench his authoritarian regime.
Legacy: Giacomo Matteotti is remembered as a martyr for Italian democracy. His courage in standing up to Fascism has been commemorated in various ways, including memorials and public recognition of his contributions to the fight for democracy and social justice.

10 June 1947

Saab produces its first automobile.

Saab Automobile, often referred to simply as Saab, was a Swedish car manufacturer that was known for producing innovative and distinctive vehicles. The company was founded in 1945 as a subsidiary of the aerospace company Saab AB. Initially, Saab focused on manufacturing aircraft, but in the late 1940s, they diversified into the automobile industry.

Saab cars were recognized for their unique design, advanced engineering, and emphasis on safety. The company gained a reputation for producing practical and reliable vehicles with a focus on performance and handling. Some of their notable models include the Saab 92, Saab 99, Saab 900, and Saab 9-3.

Saab cars were often distinguished by their aerodynamic design, incorporating features such as wraparound windshields and unconventional hatchback designs. The company also pioneered the use of turbocharging technology in mass-produced vehicles, offering improved power and fuel efficiency.

Saab developed a strong following among enthusiasts who appreciated the brand’s engineering prowess and individuality. The company’s commitment to safety was evident in its numerous innovations, such as the introduction of headlight wipers, impact-absorbing bumpers, and the implementation of advanced crash testing.

However, despite its loyal customer base and innovative products, Saab faced financial difficulties over the years. In 2011, Saab Automobile filed for bankruptcy and halted production due to a lack of funding. Several attempts were made to revive the brand, including investments from various companies and consortiums, but none were successful in restoring Saab’s long-term viability.

10 June 1886

Mount Tarawera in New Zealand erupts, killing 153 people and burying the famous Pink and White Terraces. Eruptions continue for three months creating a large, 17 km long fissure across the mountain peak.

10 June 1838

Twenty-eight Aboriginal Australians are murdered in what was known as the Myall Creek massacre.

On Sunday 10 June 1838, a group of 10 convict stockmen, lead by a squatter, rode onto Myall Creek Station near what is now Bingara in Northern New South Wales and brutally massacred about 28 Aboriginals, mostly older men, women and children in an unprovoked and premeditated attempt to remove them from what had become pastoral land. This event has become known as the Myall Creek Massacre and, whilst only one of many such outrages committed across Australia over a 100 year period, is notable now for the fact that it was the first time that the perpetrators of such crimes were brought to justice. Following a second trial, seven men were executed. This did not however herald an end to the massacres which continued for decades and remain as a stain on Australian history.

On the site of the Myall Creek Massacre now stands a simple but poignant granite memorial, acknowledging those who lost their lives, the perpetrators and those who courageously contributed to the pursuit and achievement of justice. Importantly now, it stands as a symbol of the desire for a more equitable Australia and as an emblem for those determined to achieve true and lasting reconciliation between our indigenous and more recent settler populations.

In 1837, Henry Dangar established Myall Creek Station as part of his growing pastoral empire. In 1837 and 1838, the station was managed by William Hobbs, a young freeman from Somerset whose personal staff comprised three assigned convicts; Charles Kilmeister the stockman, George Anderson the hut keeper, Andrew Burrowes , along with Aboriginal stockmen Davey and Billy. By mid 1837, it is believed that the area immediately to the North of Bingara and extending up to Myall Creek, originally peopled by the Wirrayaraay tribe, may well have been swept clear of its traditional owners. Despite this, there was constant fear of Aborigines and all men went armed when away from the station.

In late 1837 Major James Nunn, under orders of Acting Governor Snodgrass, came to the area from Sydney and with a party of about 30 troopers and volunteer stockmen conducted a murderous campaign extending over some months. In one incident, up to 300 Aborigines may have been killed in a surprise attack at Snodgrass Lagoon on Waterloo Creek on 26 January, 1838 and in another, a large party of Aborigines were reported to have been surprised at dawn in a ravine at the headquarters of Slaughterhouse Creek, with heavy loss of life. Nunn’s expedition cut a blood-thirsty swathe across the North West, for which he was warmly congratulated by the press, the squatter fraternity and elements in the government including Snodgrass.

Shortly before this, a group of about 50 Aborigines moved to Myall Creek Station at the invitation of stockman Charles Kilmeister. They had been living at McIntyres, a cattle station about 30 kilometres upstream from what is now Bingara. They had been urged to move by their friend Andrew Eaton, a hut keeper at McIntyres, who feared for their safety. In his book ‘Waterloo Creek’, historian Roger Milliss commented

“Everything points to an unusual bond developing between the little clutch of whites and the crowd of blacks who had suddenly descended on them, something approaching real friendship, not just for the enticing of young girls but for the older men and their children as well – all taking place in the short space of a fortnight or three weeks.”

On Sunday morning, 10 June 1838, ten of the Aborigines, representing most of the able-bodied males, accompanied Thomas Foster, the superintendent of Newtons, a neighbouring station, to assist him cut bark on his employer’s station. Whilst there they learned that a party of armed stockmen had visited the previous day and had plans to go onto Dangar’s. Foster prevailed upon the Aborigines to return immediately to Myall Creek. By half past four they were on their way. They were already too late.

Between three thirty and a quarter to four, a group of 11 stockmen came galloping up to the huts of Myall Creek Station, brandishing their guns and swords. Unfortunately for the Aborigines, who were preparing their evening meal, William Hobbs, the station superintendent, and Andrew Burrowes, one of the assigned convicts, were absent from the station. It is likely that the marauding gang knew this, having been tipped off by Burrowes.

The horsemen herded the Wirrayaraay into the workmen’s hut with only two boys aged about eight or nine able to escape. One of the stockmen, John Russell, undid a long tether rope from around a horse’s neck, entered the hut with one or two others and began tying the defenceless people’s hands together.

Despite his evening socialising with the Aborigines, Kilmeister, one of the station convicts, joined with their tormentors. George Anderson, another of the assigned convicts, refused to join and was later prevailed upon to give evidence against the others. The stockmen were deaf to the cries of their victims as they were lead over a rise to the West of the hut. There is no eyewitness account of the killings but about 800 metres from the huts, the defenceless people were hacked and slashed to death. Only one of the whole clan was spared. John Blake appears to have selected an Aboriginal woman for himself and so spared her. All of the other Aboriginal people were beheaded and their headless bodies were left where they fell.

Late that evening, the ten Aboriginal men who had been away at Newton’s collecting bark arrived at Anderson’s hut and learned the awful story of what had befallen their kin. With Anderson’s urging, they were persuaded to get as far away from the station as possible. Soon after, the ten men, two women and three boys headed off into the night towards McIntyres. A third boy had been hidden by Anderson in order to save him. The following day, the murderers returned to Anderson’s hut and spent the night there and, on Tuesday morning, set about burning the bodies of their victims. Kilmeister was deputized by Fleming to mind the fire during the day whilst the remaining murderers set out to find the Aborigines they had missed. During the next three days, the stockmen caught up with the work party that had then reached McIntyres and most were murdered. Further shocking atrocities were committed by this gang in the area with much loss of life before the party dispersed on Friday 15 June 1838.

10 June 1947

Saab produces its first car.

Saab Automobile was a manufacturer of automobiles that was founded in Sweden in 1945 when its parent company, began a project to design a small automobile. The first production model, the Saab 92, was launched in 1949. In 1968 the parent company merged with Scania-Vabis, and ten years later the Saab 900 was launched, in time becoming Saab’s best-selling model. In the mid-1980s the new Saab 9000 model also appeared.

In 1989, the automobile division of Saab-Scania was restructured into an independent company, Saab Automobile AB. The American manufacturer General Motors took 50% ownership with an investment of US$600 million, and then in 2000, exercised its option to acquire the remaining 50% for a further US$125 million; so turning Saab Automobile into a wholly owned GM subsidiary. In 2010 GM sold Saab Automobile AB to the Dutch automobile manufacturer Spyker Cars N.V.

After struggling to avoid insolvency throughout 2011, the company petitioned for bankruptcy following the failure of a Chinese consortium to complete a purchase of the company; the purchase had been blocked by the former owner GM, which opposed the transfer of technology and production rights to a Chinese company. On 13 June 2012, it was announced that a newly formed company called National Electric Vehicle Sweden had bought Saab Automobile’s bankrupt estate. According to “Saab United”, the first NEVS Saab 9-3 drove off its pre-production line on 19 September 2013. Full production restarted on 2 December 2013, initially the same gasoline-powered 9-3 Aero sedans that were built before Saab went bankrupt, and intended to get the automaker’s supply chain reestablished as it attempted development of a new line of NEVS-Saab products.[8][9] NEVS lost its license to manufacture automobiles under the Saab name in the summer of 2014 and now plans to produce electric cars based on the 9-3 under its own brand name.