5 June 1915

Denmark amends its constitution to allow women’s suffrage.

Women’s suffrage refers to the right of women to vote in elections. It was a significant movement in the 19th and early 20th centuries, leading to significant changes in voting rights and women’s roles in society.

Early Beginnings

18th and Early 19th Century: The movement for women’s suffrage began in the late 18th and early 19th centuries. Early advocates were influenced by the Enlightenment ideals of equality and individual rights.
Mary Wollstonecraft: In 1792, Mary Wollstonecraft published “A Vindication of the Rights of Woman,” advocating for equal education for women and laying the groundwork for future feminist movements.

The Suffrage Movement

Seneca Falls Convention (1848): The first women’s rights convention in the United States, held in Seneca Falls, New York, marked the formal beginning of the women’s suffrage movement. Organized by Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott, it produced the Declaration of Sentiments, calling for equal rights for women, including the right to vote.
National and International Organizations: Various organizations were formed to advocate for women’s suffrage, such as the National Woman Suffrage Association (NWSA) led by Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton in the U.S., and the International Woman Suffrage Alliance.

Major Milestones

New Zealand (1893): New Zealand became the first self-governing country to grant women the right to vote in parliamentary elections.
Australia (1902): Australia granted women the right to vote in federal elections, although Indigenous women were excluded until much later.
United Kingdom: In the UK, women over 30 gained the right to vote in 1918, and in 1928, the voting age for women was lowered to 21, equalizing it with men.
United States (1920): The 19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution was ratified, granting American women the right to vote.
Other Countries: Many countries followed suit in the early 20th century, including Canada (1917-1918), Germany (1918), and Sweden (1921).

Tactics and Strategies

Peaceful Protests and Petitions: Early efforts included peaceful protests, petitions, and lobbying. Suffragists like Susan B. Anthony used these methods to raise awareness and build support.
Civil Disobedience and Militant Tactics: Some suffrage groups, particularly in the UK under leaders like Emmeline Pankhurst and the Women’s Social and Political Union (WSPU), adopted more militant tactics, including hunger strikes, demonstrations, and even acts of vandalism.

Opposition and Challenges

Social and Political Opposition: The suffrage movement faced significant opposition from those who believed women’s roles should be confined to the domestic sphere. Many argued that women lacked the capacity or need to participate in politics.
Internal Divisions: There were divisions within the movement itself over strategies, goals, and the inclusion of other social issues, such as racial equality and labor rights.

Legacy and Impact

Legal and Social Changes: The success of the women’s suffrage movement led to significant legal and social changes, including increased political participation by women and greater advocacy for women’s rights in other areas.
Continued Advocacy: While the right to vote was a major milestone, the broader fight for gender equality continued, influencing later feminist movements in the mid-to-late 20th century and beyond.

26 April 1915

World War I: Italy secretly signs the Treaty of London pledging to join the Allied Powers.

The Treaty of London, officially signed on April 26, 1915, was a secret pact between Italy and the Triple Entente—comprising Britain, France, and Russia. The treaty was a significant geopolitical shift during World War I, as it marked Italy’s decision to leave the Triple Alliance with Germany and Austria-Hungary and join the Allied Powers.

Italy’s entry into the war on the side of the Allies was motivated by promises of territorial gains at the expense of Austria-Hungary. The territories discussed included Trentino, South Tyrol, and parts of the Dalmatian coast, which had significant Italian-speaking populations. The treaty also promised Italy a share of the spoils should the Ottoman Empire be partitioned.

The agreement was brokered in secret primarily because Italy was initially part of the Triple Alliance with Germany and Austria-Hungary, but felt that its allies had often disregarded its interests. Moreover, Italy harbored longstanding territorial claims against Austria-Hungary, which the Allies were willing to acknowledge in exchange for military support against the Central Powers.

The signing of the Treaty of London had several repercussions. It helped prolong the war by opening a new front in the Alps, where fierce fighting took place, particularly along the Isonzo River. Additionally, the secret nature of the treaty created post-war complications at the Paris Peace Conference in 1919, where Italy felt betrayed when some promised territories were not granted, leading to significant political unrest and disillusionment within Italy. This dissatisfaction contributed to the unstable political climate that eventually facilitated the rise of Fascism under Benito Mussolini.

21 January 1915

Kiwanis International is founded in Detroit.

Kiwanis International is a global service organization dedicated to improving the lives of children and communities. It was founded on January 21, 1915, in Detroit, Michigan, USA, by Allen S. Browne and Joseph C. Prance. The organization’s mission is to serve the needs of children and communities through various service projects and initiatives.

Service Focus: Kiwanis clubs undertake a wide range of service projects, with a particular emphasis on improving the well-being of children. Projects often include activities related to education, health, and community development.

Structure: Kiwanis International is organized into clubs, and each club is typically composed of local business and professional leaders. Members of Kiwanis clubs, known as Kiwanians, come together to plan and carry out service projects, as well as to network and socialize.

Youth Programs: In addition to their direct service efforts, Kiwanis International sponsors several youth programs. Key among these is the Key Club for high school students, Circle K International for college students, and Builders Clubs for middle school students. These programs aim to instill a sense of community service and leadership in young people.

Eliminate Project: Kiwanis International, in partnership with UNICEF, initiated the Eliminate Project. The project’s goal is to eliminate maternal and neonatal tetanus, a deadly disease that affects newborns and mothers in some parts of the world. The project involves fundraising and advocacy to provide vaccinations and education.

Global Reach: Kiwanis is an international organization with clubs in many countries around the world. The organization fosters a sense of global citizenship and collaboration to address issues affecting children and communities globally.

Motivational Slogan: The official Kiwanis motto is “Serving the Children of the World,” which reflects the organization’s commitment to improving the lives of children through its service initiatives.

Service Leadership Programs: Kiwanis International places a strong emphasis on developing leadership skills in its members. The organization believes that by empowering individuals to be effective leaders, they can make a positive impact on their communities.

27 March 1915

Typhoid Mary, the first healthy carrier of disease ever identified in the United States is put in quarantine for the second time, where she would remain for the rest of her life.

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