15 April 1945

Bergen-Belsen concentration camp is liberated.

Bergen-Belsen was a Nazi concentration camp located in Lower Saxony, Germany, near the town of Bergen near Celle. Originally established as a prisoner of war camp in 1940, it was expanded to include a concentration camp in 1943. Bergen-Belsen became notorious for the horrendous conditions within the camp and the high mortality rate among its prisoners.

Unlike many other concentration camps, Bergen-Belsen was not a death camp equipped with gas chambers, but the death toll was exceedingly high due to starvation, lack of medical care, and the spread of infectious diseases such as typhus. The camp became increasingly overcrowded as prisoners were evacuated from camps closer to the front lines as Allied forces advanced into Germany.

Anne Frank, famous for her diary documenting her life in hiding during the German occupation of the Netherlands, died in Bergen-Belsen in March 1945, just a few weeks before the camp was liberated. Her exact date of death and the cause remain unknown, though it is presumed she died of typhus that ravaged the camp’s population.

Bergen-Belsen was liberated on April 15, 1945, by British forces. The soldiers found approximately 60,000 prisoners in the camp, many of whom were severely ill and starving. The conditions were so dire that more than 10,000 bodies lay unburied. The liberators were forced to take drastic measures, including burning the camp’s barracks to prevent the further spread of disease.

The liberation of Bergen-Belsen revealed the extent of the horrors of the Holocaust to the wider world, with images of the emaciated survivors and piles of deceased victims shocking the international community. Following the war, the camp served as a displaced persons camp, helping to resettle survivors. Today, Bergen-Belsen is a memorial site dedicated to remembering the victims and educating future generations about the atrocities committed during the Holocaust.

28 April 1945

Benito Mussolini and his mistress Clara Petacci are shot dead by Walter Audisio, a member of the Italian resistance movement.

Benito Mussolini (1883-1945) was an Italian political leader who founded the fascist political movement in Italy and served as the Prime Minister of Italy from 1922 to 1943. Mussolini rose to power through his aggressive rhetoric and fascist ideology, which called for a strong, authoritarian government and the suppression of political opposition.

Mussolini’s regime was characterized by nationalism, militarism, and totalitarianism, and he implemented policies that promoted Italian expansionism and imperialism. He also implemented social and economic policies that were designed to benefit the working classes and to increase production and industrialization in Italy.

During World War II, Mussolini aligned himself with Nazi Germany and declared war on the Allies in 1940. However, the Italian military suffered several defeats, and in 1943, Mussolini was removed from power by the Italian monarchy and arrested. He was rescued by German forces and established a puppet regime in northern Italy, but was captured by Italian partisans in 1945 and executed by firing squad.

22 March 1945

The Arab League is founded when a charter is adopted in Cairo, Egypt.

The Arab League is a regional organization of Arab countries, founded in Cairo, Egypt in 1945. The League’s purpose is to promote economic, cultural, and political cooperation among its member states, and to coordinate their policies in a variety of fields, including trade, education, and defense. The League also aims to safeguard the independence and sovereignty of its member states, and to promote peace and stability in the region. The League’s headquarters is located in Cairo, Egypt, and its current members include 22 countries in the Middle East and North Africa region.

1 May 1945

Joseph Goebbels who was was a German Nazi politician and then Hitlers Minister of Propaganda from 1933 to 1945 takes his own life.

Joseph Goebbels was a prominent figure in Nazi Germany and served as Adolf Hitler’s Minister of Propaganda from 1933 until the end of World War II in 1945. He was born on October 29, 1897, in Rheydt, Germany, and died on May 1, 1945, in Berlin. Goebbels was a key architect of Nazi propaganda, using media and communications to manipulate public opinion and promote Nazi ideology.

Early Life and Education: Goebbels was born into a Catholic family and initially wanted to become a priest. However, he was rejected by the seminary due to a clubfoot condition. He went on to study literature and philosophy at the University of Heidelberg, where he earned a Ph.D. in 1921.

Early Involvement in Politics: Goebbels joined the Nazi Party in 1924, shortly after Adolf Hitler’s release from prison. He quickly rose through the ranks due to his effective public speaking and writing skills. He became the Gauleiter (regional leader) of Berlin in 1926.

Minister of Propaganda: In 1933, after Hitler came to power, Goebbels was appointed as the Reich Minister of Propaganda and Enlightenment. In this role, he had control over all forms of media, including newspapers, radio, film, and literature. He used these platforms to spread Nazi propaganda and anti-Semitic messages.

Anti-Semitic Propaganda: Goebbels played a significant role in promoting and disseminating Nazi anti-Semitic propaganda. He orchestrated campaigns that portrayed Jews as enemies of the German people and scapegoats for the country’s problems.

Total War Propaganda: During World War II, Goebbels intensified his propaganda efforts, using the concept of “total war” to justify extreme measures and rally the German population. He encouraged civilians to support the war effort through various means, including rationing and participating in the war economy.

Downfall and Suicide: As Allied forces closed in on Berlin in 1945, Goebbels remained loyal to Hitler until the end. When it became clear that Germany would lose the war, he and his wife, Magda Goebbels, poisoned their six children and then committed suicide in the F├╝hrerbunker on May 1, 1945, shortly before Hitler’s own suicide.