23 May 1995

The first version of the Java programming language is released.

Java is a high-level, general-purpose programming language that was developed by Sun Microsystems (now owned by Oracle Corporation) in the mid-1990s. It is known for its simplicity, portability, and robustness. Java is widely used for developing a wide range of applications, from desktop software to mobile apps and large-scale enterprise systems.

Here are some key features and aspects of the Java programming language:

Object-Oriented: Java is an object-oriented programming (OOP) language, which means it emphasizes the concept of objects that encapsulate data and behavior. It supports the principles of inheritance, encapsulation, polymorphism, and abstraction.

Platform Independence: One of the main advantages of Java is its platform independence. Java source code is compiled into bytecode, which can run on any platform with a Java Virtual Machine (JVM). This “write once, run anywhere” principle allows Java programs to be executed on different operating systems without requiring any modifications.

Automatic Memory Management: Java implements automatic memory management through a technique called garbage collection. It frees developers from explicitly allocating and deallocating memory, as the JVM automatically handles memory allocation and reclaims unused memory.

Rich Standard Library: Java provides a comprehensive standard library that offers a wide range of classes and methods for common programming tasks. It includes utilities for string handling, networking, input/output (I/O), collections, GUI (Graphical User Interface), and much more.

Multi-threading: Java has built-in support for multi-threading, allowing developers to create and manage multiple threads of execution within a single program. This enables concurrent programming, where different parts of a program can run independently and simultaneously.

Strong Community and Ecosystem: Java has a vast and active community of developers who contribute to its ecosystem by creating libraries, frameworks, and tools. This ecosystem provides a wealth of resources, documentation, and support for Java developers.

Security: Java has built-in security features that help create secure applications. The Java Security Manager allows fine-grained control over access to system resources, and the sandbox environment restricts the execution of potentially harmful code.

Widely Used: Java is widely used in various domains, including enterprise software development, web development, Android app development, scientific applications, financial systems, and more. Many popular frameworks and platforms, such as Spring, Hibernate, and Apache Hadoop, are built using Java.

Continuous Evolution: Java is a language that has continued to evolve over time. It follows a release cycle, with regular updates introducing new features and enhancements. The Java community actively contributes to the evolution of the language through the Java Community Process (JCP).