8 August 1942

Quit India Movement is launched in India against the British rule in response to Mohandas Gandhi’s call for swaraj or complete independence.

The Quit India Movement, also known as the August Movement or the Bharat Chodo Andolan, was a significant civil disobedience movement launched by Mahatma Gandhi and the Indian National Congress during India’s struggle for independence from British colonial rule. The movement aimed to bring about a complete withdrawal of British rule from India.

The Quit India Movement was initiated on August 8, 1942, during World War II, when the British were preoccupied with the war effort and India was facing economic hardships and shortages. Gandhi called for immediate “Quit India” – a demand for the British to leave India and grant the country full independence.

Key features and events of the Quit India Movement:

Gandhi’s “Do or Die” Call: In his speech on August 8, 1942, Gandhi famously declared, “Do or Die.” He urged Indians to rise against British oppression and nonviolently resist British rule.

Mass Civil Disobedience: The movement witnessed widespread civil disobedience, strikes, protests, and demonstrations across the country. Indians from all walks of life participated, including students, workers, farmers, and political leaders.

Repression and Arrests: The British colonial government responded with a heavy-handed crackdown. Many prominent leaders, including Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru, and other members of the Indian National Congress, were arrested and imprisoned.

Underground Activities: Despite the arrests, underground activities continued. Secret meetings, pamphlet distribution, and acts of sabotage against government infrastructure were carried out to maintain the momentum of the movement.

Repressive Measures: The British authorities used various repressive measures to suppress the movement, including curfews, bans on public gatherings, censorship of press, and even use of force.

Impact and Legacy: The Quit India Movement had a significant impact on the Indian freedom struggle. It intensified the demand for complete independence and increased nationalistic fervor. It also showcased the unity and determination of the Indian masses in their fight against colonial rule.

Post-War Scenario: The movement coincided with the end of World War II in 1945. As the war ended, the British government realized that sustaining colonial control was becoming increasingly difficult due to the widespread discontent in India.

Path to Independence: The Quit India Movement, along with other factors such as the INA (Indian National Army) trials and global pressure for decolonization, played a role in pushing the British to consider granting independence to India.

Independence and Partition: India eventually gained independence on August 15, 1947, though the freedom came with the partition of the country into India and Pakistan, leading to significant communal violence and displacement.

The Quit India Movement remains a pivotal moment in India’s struggle for independence, symbolizing the collective resolve of the Indian people to secure their freedom from British colonial rule through nonviolent means.

8 August 2013

A suicide bombing at a funeral in the Pakistan city of Quetta kills 31 people.

On 8 August 2013, a suicide attacker exploded a bomb at a funeral being held for a police officer in Quetta, Pakistan, and killed as many as thirty-one people and injured over fifty people. No group has taken responsibility for the bombing, but it is believed by whom? that the Taliban were behind the bombing. A senior police officer, Fayaz Sumbal, noticed the suicide bomber before he blew himself up. As Fayaz began searching the suicide bomber’s body, the bomber blew himself up. The bomber was wearing a jacket that had ball bearings and shrapnel inside.

Witness said that in the immediate aftermath of the attack weeping policemen wandered among the blood and body parts, looking for colleagues or sat, shocked and in silence, amid abandoned shoes and other belongings.

Policeman Mohammad Hafiz told the AFP news agency of his horror after the bomber – wearing a jacket packed with ball bearings and shrapnel – detonated his device.

“I was inside the mosque and we were lining up for the funeral prayers when a big blast took place,” he said.

“I came out and saw injured and dead bodies lying on the ground.

“I have no words to explain what I’ve seen. It was horrible.”

8 August 1929


The German airship Graf Zeppelin starts a round-the-world flight.

The growing popularity of the “giant of the air” made it easy for Zeppelin company chief Dr. Hugo Eckener to find sponsors for a “Round-the-World” flight. One of these was the American press tycoon William Randolph Hearst, who requested the tour to officially start at Lakehurst Naval Air Station, NJ. As with the October, 1928, flight to New York, Hearst had placed a reporter, Grace Marguerite Hay Drummond-Hay, on board, who thereby became the first woman to circumnavigate the globe by air. The other passengers were also journalists, except one who paid for his ticket himself and two US naval officers.

On 8 August 1929, Graf Zeppelin flew back across the Atlantic to Friedrichshafen to refuel before continuing on 15 August across the vastness of Siberia to Tokyo , a nonstop leg of 6,988 miles, arriving three days later on 18 August. Dr. Eckener believed that some of the lands they crossed in Siberia had never before been seen by modern explorers.

After staying in Tokyo for five days, on 23 August, the Graf Zeppelin continued across the Pacific to California flying first over San Francisco before heading south to stop at Mines Field in Los Angeles for the first ever nonstop flight of any kind across the Pacific Ocean. The Pacific leg was 5,998 miles and took three days. The airship’s final leg across the United States took it over Chicago before landing back at Lakehurst NAS on 29 August, taking two days and covering 2,996 miles.

The flying time for the Lakehurst to Lakehurst legs was 12 days and 11 minutes. The entire voyage took 21 days, 5 hours and 31 minutes including the initial and final trips between Friedrichshafen and NAS Lakehurst during which time the airship travelled 49,618 km whereas the distance covered on the designated “Round the World” portion from Lakehurst to Lakehurst was 31,400 km.