8 December 1907

King Gustaf V of Sweden accedes to the Swedish throne.

King Gustaf V of Sweden was born Oscar Gustaf Adolf on June 16, 1858, in Drottningholm Palace, Sweden. He reigned as the King of Sweden from 1907 until his death in 1950, making him one of the longest-reigning monarchs in Swedish history. His full name was Oscar Gustaf Adolf, and he belonged to the House of Bernadotte.

Gustaf V’s reign spanned through significant historical events, including World War I and World War II. Sweden remained neutral during both conflicts, and Gustaf V played a ceremonial role as the constitutional monarch.

During his reign, Sweden underwent political changes, with the transition to a parliamentary system of government. Gustaf V accepted the changes and adapted to the evolving role of the monarchy in a constitutional framework.

Gustaf V was known for his strong sense of duty and adherence to tradition. He was considered a conservative monarch but remained popular among the Swedish people for his stability and dedication to his role. He was also known for his interest in sports, particularly tennis, and he became an honorary member of the International Olympic Committee.

King Gustaf V married Princess Victoria of Baden in 1881, and they had three children: Gustaf VI Adolf, Wilhelm, and Erik. His son Gustaf VI Adolf succeeded him as the King of Sweden in 1950.

Gustaf V passed away on October 29, 1950, at the age of 92, after a reign of 43 years. His long and stable reign left a lasting impact on Sweden during a period of significant political and social change.

8 December 1955

The Flag of Europe is adopted by Council of Europe.

The Flag of Europe, or European Flag is an official symbol of two separate organisations—the Council of Europe and the European Union . It consists of a circle of twelve five-pointed yellow (or) stars on a blue (azure) field.

The flag was designed in 1955, and officially launched later that year by the Council of Europe as a symbol for the whole of Europe. The Council of Europe urged it to be adopted by other European organisations, and in 1985 the European Communities adopted it.

The EU inherited the flag’s use when it was formed in 1993, being the successor organisation to the EC. It has been in wide official use by the EU since the 1990s, but it has never been given official status in any of the EU’s treaties. Its adoption as an official symbol of the EU was planned as part of the proposed European Constitution, which failed to be ratified in 2005. Alternatively, it is sometimes called the Flag of the European Union when representing the EU.

Since its adoption by the European Union, it has become broadly associated with the supranational organisation, due to its high profile and heavy usage of the emblem. It has also been used by pro-EU protestors in the colour revolutions of the 2000s, e.g., in Belarus(2004) or Moldova. There are also a number of derivative designs used as logos or flags of other European organisations, and in the flags of the Republic of Kosovo (2008) and of Bosnia and Herzegovina (1998).