25 February 1947

The formal abolition of Prussia is proclaimed by the Allied Control Council, the Prussian government having already been abolished by the Preu├čenschlag of 1932

The abolition of Prussia refers to the dismantling of the historic Kingdom and later State of Prussia, which played a significant role in European history for centuries. Prussia was a major German kingdom and later a constituent state of the German Empire, known for its militarism, bureaucracy, and influential cultural legacy.

The abolition of Prussia occurred in the aftermath of World War II and was part of the process of denazification and reconstruction in Germany. The Allied powers, particularly the Soviet Union, played a significant role in this process.

Potsdam Agreement (1945): The Potsdam Agreement, signed by the Allied powers (United States, United Kingdom, and Soviet Union) in 1945, outlined the principles for the post-war administration of Germany. It called for the dissolution of Prussia as a political entity.

Denazification and Decentralization: The Allied powers sought to dismantle institutions associated with Nazism and centralization of power. Prussia, with its long history and deep-rooted bureaucracy, was seen as a symbol of authoritarianism and militarism, and thus, its abolition was deemed necessary for the establishment of democratic governance in Germany.

Occupation and Division of Germany: Following World War II, Germany was divided into occupation zones administered by the Allies. The eastern part of Germany, including Prussia’s heartland, was occupied by the Soviet Union. The Soviet authorities took decisive steps to eliminate Prussian institutions.

1947 Prussian Landtag Election: In 1947, elections were held in the Soviet Zone of Occupation to establish regional parliaments (Landtags). The election in Prussia resulted in the dominance of the Socialist Unity Party (SED), which was under Soviet influence. This further facilitated the process of dismantling Prussia’s institutions.

Formal Dissolution: On February 25, 1947, the Allied Control Council issued a directive formally abolishing the State of Prussia. Its territories were divided among the newly formed German states such as Lower Saxony, North Rhine-Westphalia, Brandenburg, and others.

Cultural and Historical Legacy: While the political entity of Prussia was abolished, its cultural and historical legacy continued to influence Germany. Many Prussian institutions, traditions, and landmarks still exist in modern Germany.