22 February 1959

Lee Petty wins the first Daytona 500.

The Daytona 500 is an iconic NASCAR (National Association for Stock Car Auto Racing) event that takes place annually at the Daytona International Speedway in Daytona Beach, Florida. It is considered one of the most prestigious races in the NASCAR calendar and serves as the season-opening event for the NASCAR Cup Series.

History: The first Daytona 500 was held in 1959, and it has been held every year since then. It was established by NASCAR founder Bill France Sr. as a way to showcase the new Daytona International Speedway.

Track: The Daytona International Speedway is a 2.5-mile (4.0 km) tri-oval track. It is known for its steep banking in the turns, which allows for high speeds and intense racing.

Format: The race consists of 200 laps, totaling 500 miles (805 km). It typically takes place in February, kicking off the NASCAR Cup Series season. The starting lineup is determined through a combination of qualifying races (known as the Daytona 500 Duels) and qualifying times.

Daytona 500 Week: The Daytona 500 is the culmination of a week-long series of events and activities known as Daytona Speedweeks. This includes various races and practice sessions leading up to the main event.

Prestige: Winning the Daytona 500 is considered one of the highest honors in NASCAR. It can significantly boost a driver’s career and legacy.

Traditions: The Daytona 500 is known for several traditions, including the pre-race singing of “God Bless America” and the invocation, as well as the ceremonial command for drivers to start their engines.

Memorable Moments: Over the years, the Daytona 500 has seen numerous memorable moments, including dramatic finishes, upset victories, and tragic accidents. It has been the stage for legendary drivers like Richard Petty, Dale Earnhardt, and Jeff Gordon to showcase their talents.

22 February 1959

Lee Petty wins the first Daytona 500.

The Daytona 500 is a special event in the world of motorsports, particularly in the United States, for several reasons:

History: The Daytona 500 is the most prestigious and historic race in NASCAR (National Association for Stock Car Auto Racing), which is the largest governing body of stock car racing in the United States. The first Daytona 500 was held in 1959 and has been held annually since then, making it one of the oldest and most respected events in American motorsports.

Track: The Daytona International Speedway, which hosts the Daytona 500, is one of the most famous tracks in the world of racing. It is a 2.5-mile (4.0 km) tri-oval track, with high-banked turns that allow for high speeds and close racing.

Fans: The Daytona 500 attracts a huge number of fans from all over the world, who come to witness the spectacle of the race and the accompanying festivities. It is one of the most-watched and most-attended sporting events in the world.

Prize Money: The Daytona 500 offers a substantial amount of prize money to the winning driver and their team, with the total purse in recent years exceeding $23 million.

Prestige: Winning the Daytona 500 is considered one of the greatest achievements in NASCAR and a highlight of any driver’s career. It is a race that drivers, teams, and fans alike all want to win, and the prestige of winning the race lasts a lifetime.

22 February 2011

New Zealand’s second deadliest earthquake happens in Christchurch, killing 185 people.

At 12.51 p.m. on Tuesday 22 February 2011, a magnitude 6.3 earthquake caused severe damage in Christchurch and Lyttelton, killing 185 people and injuring several thousand.

The earthquake’s epicentre was near Lyttelton, just 10 km southeast of Christchurch’s central business district. It occurred nearly six months after the 4 September 2010 earthquake.

The earthquake struck at lunchtime, when many people were on the city streets. More than 130 people lost their lives in the collapse of the Canterbury Television and Pyne Gould Corporation buildings. Falling bricks and masonry killed 11 people, and eight died in two city buses crushed by crumbling walls. Rock cliffs collapsed in the Sumner and Redcliffs area, and boulders tumbled down the Port Hills, with five people killed by falling rocks.

Although not as powerful as the magnitude 7.1 earthquake on 4 September 2010, this earthquake occurred on a shallow fault line that was close to the city, so the shaking was particularly destructive.

The earthquake brought down many buildings damaged the previous September, especially older brick and mortar buildings. Heritage buildings suffered heavy damage, including the Provincial Council Chambers, Lyttelton’s Timeball Station, the Anglican Christchurch Cathedral and the Catholic Cathedral of the Blessed Sacrament. More than half of the buildings in the central business district have since been demolished, including the city’s tallest building, the Hotel Grand Chancellor.

Liquefaction was much more extensive than in September 2010. Shaking turned water-saturated layers of sand and silt beneath the surface into sludge that squirted upwards through cracks. Thick layers of silt covered properties and streets, and water and sewage from broken pipes flooded streets. House foundations cracked and buckled, wrecking many homes. Irreparable damage led to the demolition of several thousand homes, and large tracts of suburban land were subsequently abandoned.

The government declared a national state of emergency the day after the quake. Authorities quickly cordoned off Christchurch’s central business district. The cordon remained in place in some areas until June 2013. Power companies restored electricity to 75 per cent of the city within three days, but re-establishing water supplies and sewerage systems took much longer.

22 February 1986

The People Power Revolution starts in the Philippines.

EDSA People Power revolution timeline: Day 1 February 22, 1986


Defense Secretary Juan Ponce Enrile and key aides finalize Enrile’s speech in which he will proclaim himself head of a ruling junta after rebel troops led by the Reform the Armed Forces Movement assault Malacañang. Assault is planned for Feb. 23 at 2 a.m.

2 a.m.

Armed Forces Chief of Staff Gen. Fabian Ver fortifies Palace, having been informed of impending coup by Maj. Edgardo Doromal of the Presidential Security Command.

Doromal was tapped by RAM to serve as a spy in the Palace but he later confessed to his commander, Col. Irwin Ver, son of the AFP chief, and agreed to become a double agent.

3 a.m.

At a meeting at Enrile’s Dasmariñas house in Makati, RAM chief Col. Gregorio Honasan learns that a Marine battalion is positioned exactly at rebels’ planned point of attack.

9 a.m.

On Ver’s instruction, Metropolitan Command officer Col. Rolando Abadilla tries to talk Honasan out of any rash action.

10 a.m.

Honasan learns that more soldiers are being deployed to guard Palace. Trade Minister Roberto Ongpin calls Enrile to say that his 19 security men have been arrested. Enrile worries because three were on loan from him and knew of coup plot.


In Malacañang, President Marcos meets with US Ambassador to the Philippines Stephen Bosworth and Philip Habib, US President Ronald Reagan’s “trouble-shooter.” The two Americans note worsening political crisis and push for Ver’s removal from office.

Honasan and Lt. Col. Eduardo Kapunan arrive at Enrile’s house; they tell him of orders to round up all members of their movement. Between hiding in Cagayan Valley and regrouping for possible stand-off, Enrile chooses the latter and tells everyone to go to Camp Aguinaldo.

12:45 p.m.

Capt. Ricardo Morales, one of Imelda’s security officers, surveys the Palace defenses and attempts to withdraw firearms from the Presidential Security Unit armory. He is accosted and becomes the first of four alleged assassins arrested by Marcos forces. The others are Maj. Saulito Aromin, Lt. Col. Jake Malajacan and Maj. Ricardo Brillantes.

2 p.m.

Before boarding his plane out of Manila, Habib told a US Embassy officer to tell Bosworth that Aquino won the election and “deserves our support. Marcos is finished, and we ought to offer him asylum in the US.”

Enrile and RAM discuss how to cover up their coup plot in order to drum up support for themselves. Enrile calls AFP vice chief Gen. Fidel Ramos, who declares his full support.

3 p.m.

Honasan gives signal to prepare his men for combat. He, Enrile and Kapunan fly to Aguinaldo in a chopper.

3:30 p.m.

At Aguinaldo, Enrile’s guards bring out brand-new M-16s, Uzis and Galils. Enrile orders troop deployment around Camp Crame. On the phone, he tells his wife Cristina to call Inquirer founding chair Eugenia Apostol to apprise her of what’s happening and request her to inform Jaime Cardinal Sin.

4:30 p.m.

Brig. Gen. Salvador Mison’s Regional Unified Command No. 8, which includes First Lady Imelda Marcos’ native Leyte, expresses support for the rebels—the first military region to do so.

5 p.m.

Unaware of unfolding events, Ver and Imelda attend wedding of a general’s son at Villamor Air Base. Ver is stunned when told. Marcos calls his three children to Malacañang. Enrile tells Sin: “I will be dead within one hour. I don’t want to die … If it is possible, do something. I’d still like to live.”

6 p.m.

Ramos arrives at Aguinaldo after dialogue in his Alabang house with group called Cory Crusaders.

6:45 p.m.

Ramos and Enrile hold press conference to announce withdrawal of support from Marcos. They say they are not out to seize power but to return it to the people in the person of Corazon Aquino, whom they recognize as the rightfully elected President.

They have less than 500 men and no air, armor or artillery equipment. Ramos moves to Crame across the street from Aguinaldo. Former AFP chief Romeo Espino, Brig. Gen. Ramon Farolan and Postmaster General Roilo Golez arrive at Aguinaldo.

7 p.m.

Marcos remains in Palace study room with Fabian and Irwin Ver and Information Minister Gregorio Cendaña.

8:15 p.m.

Ver orders military intelligence chief Brig. Gen. Fidel Singson to destroy Radio Veritas. Singson deploys men but orders them not to take offensive action. He prepares to join Ramos-Enrile forces.

9 p.m.

Enrile ends phone conversation with Ver, with both adversaries agreeing not to attack tonight

9:30 p.m.

Col. Antonio Sotelo of Air Force 15th Strike Wing readies all five attack helicopters at Villamor in support of defectors.

10 p.m.

Radio Veritas continues with blow-by-blow account of rebellion. Enrile and Aquino, who is secured in the Carmelite convent in Cebu City, have brief phone conversation.

In Malacañang, Imelda tells reporters of plot to kill her and Marcos at 12:30 a.m.

10:20 p.m.

August Twenty-One Movement’s Agapito “Butz” Aquino, despite his group’s decision to wait, throws his support behind rebels and calls on volunteers to meet him at Isetann department store in Cubao preparatory to marching to Edsa.

Over Radio Veritas, Sin calls for public support of Enrile and Ramos.

10:30 p.m.

Marcos announces over government-owned Channel 4 that he is in total control of situation and calls on Enrile and Ramos “to stop this stupidity and surrender so that we may negotiate.” He reports the thwarting of an attempt on his life by one of Imelda’s bodyguards in a conspiracy involving Enrile and Ramos and then proceeds to present the alleged assassin, Morales, who reads a supposed confession.

Nuns and seminarians of Bandila, a moderate coalition, are first to form human barricade around Crame. Superstar Nora Aunor arrives at Edsa.

Food starts arriving in response to Enrile’s appeal that while they are ready to die for country, they have no food for the troops.

11 p.m.

Enrile tells Marcos over Radio Veritas: “Enough is enough, Mr. President. Your time is up. Do not miscalculate our strength now.”

Kris Aquino, then disco-hopping, is found after frantic search and reunited with her mother; both are taken to Carmelite convent.

11:30 p.m.

Ver orders power and water lines at Aguinaldo and Crame cut, but he is ignored.

Crowd at Edsa swells.

22 February 1959

Lee Petty wins the very first Daytona 500.

On this day in 1959, Lee Petty defeats Johnny Beauchamp in a photo finish at the just-opened Daytona International Speedway in Florida to win the first-ever Daytona 500. The race was so close that Beauchamp was initially named the winner by William France, the owner of the track and head of the National Association for Stock Car Auto Racing (NASCAR). However, Petty, who was driving a hardtop Oldsmobile 88, challenged the results and three days later, with the assistance of news photographs, he was officially named the champ. There was speculation that France declared Beauchamp the winner in order to intentionally stir up controversy and generate publicity for his new race track.

Today, the 200-lap, 500-mile Daytona 500 is one of auto racing’s premiere events and the first race of the NASCAR season. France, a gas station owner and racing promoter, officially co-founded NASCAR in Daytona Beach in 1948. The following year, Lee Petty, a mechanic from North Carolina, began his racing career at the age of 35. He went on to win more than 50 races on NASCAR’s Grand National circuit and three championships before being seriously injured in a crash during a qualifying event at Daytona in 1961. Following the crash, Petty drove in a handful of races before retiring from competition in 1964. He went on to found Petty Enterprises, which became NASCAR’s oldest and most successful racing team. In January 2009, Petty Enterprises merged with Gillett Evernham Motorsports and became Richard Petty Motorsports.