28 November 1960

Mauritania becomes independent of France.

Mauritania is a country located in Northwest Africa:

Capital and Largest City: The capital city of Mauritania is Nouakchott.

Population: As of my last knowledge update in January 2022, Mauritania had a population of around 4.6 million people. Please note that population figures may have changed since then.

Official Language: Arabic is the official language, and French is also widely used, particularly in administrative and educational contexts.

Currency: The currency used in Mauritania is the Mauritanian ouguiya.

Geography: Mauritania is characterized by vast desert landscapes, with the Sahara Desert covering much of its territory. The country has a coastline along the Atlantic Ocean to the west.

Independence: Mauritania gained independence from France on November 28, 1960.

Government: Mauritania is a presidential republic, and the President of the Republic serves as both the head of state and head of government.

Economy: Mauritania’s economy is heavily dependent on agriculture, fishing, and mining. The country is a significant producer of iron ore, and mining plays a crucial role in its economy.

Culture: Mauritania has a rich cultural heritage influenced by Arab-Berber traditions. Traditional music, dance, and oral literature are important aspects of Mauritanian culture. The country is also known for its distinctive Moorish architecture.

Religion: Islam is the predominant religion in Mauritania, with the majority of the population adhering to Sunni Islam.

Issues: Mauritania faces challenges such as poverty, human rights concerns, and issues related to slavery, which has been officially abolished but still persists in some forms.

Wildlife: Despite its arid landscapes, Mauritania is home to diverse wildlife, including various bird species. Banc d’Arguin National Park, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is known for its biodiversity, especially its birdlife.