10 June 1924

Fascists kidnap and kill Italian Socialist leader Giacomo Matteotti in Rome.

Giacomo Matteotti was an Italian socialist politician who was a prominent critic of Benito Mussolini and the Fascist regime in Italy. His assassination in 1924 is a significant event in Italian history, often seen as a critical moment in the consolidation of Fascist power.


Giacomo Matteotti: Born in 1885, Matteotti was a dedicated socialist and a member of the Italian Socialist Party (PSI). He was known for his strong opposition to Fascism and his advocacy for democracy and workers’ rights.
Political Climate: By the early 1920s, Mussolini’s Fascist Party was gaining power, often through violent means. The March on Rome in 1922 marked Mussolini’s rise to power as he was appointed Prime Minister.

The Assassination:

May 30, 1924: Matteotti delivered a bold speech in the Italian Parliament, denouncing the Fascists for their violence, corruption, and electoral fraud in the recent elections.
June 10, 1924: Matteotti was kidnapped in broad daylight in Rome. Witnesses reported seeing him being forced into a car by Fascist thugs.
Discovery: His body was found on August 16, 1924, in a rural area near Rome. He had been brutally murdered.


Public Outrage: The murder sparked widespread outrage and condemnation. Many Italians were horrified by the brutality and brazen nature of the crime.
Political Consequences: The assassination led to a political crisis. Some members of Parliament and prominent figures called for Mussolini’s resignation.
Mussolini’s Response: Initially, Mussolini distanced himself from the crime, but as pressure mounted, he decided to take a bold stance. On January 3, 1925, Mussolini gave a speech in Parliament, taking responsibility for the actions of the Fascists and effectively declaring himself dictator.


Consolidation of Power: The Matteotti assassination marked a turning point in Mussolini’s consolidation of power. It allowed him to crush opposition and further entrench his authoritarian regime.
Legacy: Giacomo Matteotti is remembered as a martyr for Italian democracy. His courage in standing up to Fascism has been commemorated in various ways, including memorials and public recognition of his contributions to the fight for democracy and social justice.

27 October 1924

The Uzbek SSR is founded in the Soviet Union.

The Uzbek SSR, or Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic, was a constituent republic of the Soviet Union. It existed from 1924 until 1991 when the Soviet Union dissolved. The Uzbek SSR was located in Central Asia, and its capital was Tashkent.

The establishment of the Uzbek SSR was part of the Soviet government’s policy of creating ethnically defined republics within the larger Soviet Union. It was formed as a result of the Soviet reorganization of Central Asia, which included the drawing of new administrative borders and the establishment of republics to represent the various ethnic groups in the region.

During its existence, the Uzbek SSR was under the control of the Soviet government and followed a socialist economic and political system. The economy was largely centralized and focused on agriculture and industry. Uzbekistan was an important cotton-producing region for the Soviet Union.

In 1991, following the collapse of the Soviet Union, the Uzbek SSR declared independence and became the Republic of Uzbekistan, which continues to exist as an independent country to this day. Since gaining independence, Uzbekistan has undergone significant political, economic, and social changes.

1 April 1924

Adolf Hitler is sentenced to five years imprisonment for his participation in the “Beer Hall Putsch” but spends only nine months in jail. He is released at the end of 1924.

The “Beer Hall Putsch” took place on November 8-9, 1923, in Munich, Germany. Adolf Hitler, who was the leader of the National Socialist German Workers’ Party (NSDAP or Nazi Party), and his supporters attempted to overthrow the Weimar Republic government by launching a coup. During the coup attempt, they tried to seize key locations in Munich, but the coup failed, resulting in several deaths and injuries.

Hitler was arrested on November 11, 1923, and subsequently put on trial. During the trial, Hitler used it as a platform to gain publicity for his nationalist and anti-Semitic views. Despite being found guilty of treason, Hitler received a relatively lenient sentence of five years in prison, along with a fine.

While in prison, Hitler used his time to write his autobiography and political manifesto titled “Mein Kampf” (“My Struggle”). The book later became a central piece of Nazi ideology.

Hitler’s early release from prison was due to political considerations. The Weimar government, facing numerous political challenges and unrest, believed that keeping Hitler in prison could lead to further radicalization of his followers. As a result, Hitler was released on December 20, 1924, after serving only about nine months of his five-year sentence.

After his release, Hitler resumed his political activities and eventually rose to power, becoming the Chancellor of Germany in 1933. His regime led to one of the darkest chapters in human history, with the outbreak of World War II and the Holocaust, resulting in the genocide of millions of people, including six million Jews.

15 April 1924

Rand McNally publishes its first road atlas.

Before there were smart phones and Google Maps, people relied on road atlases and paper maps stored in their glove boxes. The most ubiquitous of these was the always-handy Rand McNally Road Atlas.

It wasn’t until April 15, 1924, though, that the first Rand McNally Auto Chum – later to become the Road Atlas – was published. That auto chum included hand-drawn maps and no interstates, and it came without an index. But it was still a landmark for auto travel, which had previously been relatively ad hoc.

What began as a Chicago printing company in the 1850s quickly moved from producing railroad timetables to publishing railroad guides. As the company — founded by William Rand and Andrew McNally — moved into textbooks and globes, it only made sense for it to eventually print maps of the country’s new road networks as well. In 1904, it published its first automobile road map.

With car travel on the rise, figuring out how to get where you were going became increasingly important. In those early days of driving, Rand McNally actually developed the system of numbering highways that has since been widely adopted. It even posted the roadside signs on many highways. As the oil industry realized how useful maps could be in encouraging people to get out on the open road, Rand McNally began publishing maps for Gulf Oil Company service stations to distribute for free.

If you head out on a road trip today, you’ll probably rely on apps and digital directions. But if you want to explore the unknown out of cell service, don’t forget your road atlas.