7 August 1981

The Washington Star ceases all operations after 128 years of publication

The Washington Star was a newspaper based in Washington, D.C., that operated from 1852 to 1981. It was known for its coverage of national and local news, as well as its role in shaping public opinion in the United States. However, due to various factors, including financial difficulties and declining circulation, the Washington Star ceased publication in August 1981.

The decline of the newspaper industry as a whole, coupled with increased competition from other media outlets, contributed to the demise of the Washington Star. The newspaper faced challenges in adapting to new technologies and changing reader preferences. As a result, it struggled to maintain profitability and maintain its relevance in an evolving media landscape.

Ultimately, the Washington Star was unable to overcome these challenges and was forced to cease operations. Its closure marked the end of an era for a publication that had played a significant role in American journalism and had been a prominent fixture in the nation’s capital for nearly 130 years.

5 June 1981

The Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reports that five people in Los Angeles, California, have a rare form of pneumonia seen only in patients with weakened immune systems, in what turns out to be the first recognized cases of AIDS.

The Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR) is a publication by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in the United States. It is a vital source of public health information that provides data on various diseases, conditions, and public health topics.

The MMWR was first published in 1952 and has since become one of the most widely recognized and respected epidemiological publications globally. Its primary purpose is to share timely and reliable information about diseases and their impact on public health. The report covers a broad range of topics, including infectious diseases, chronic diseases, injury prevention, environmental health, and more.

The MMWR publishes both regular and special reports. Regular reports feature surveillance data, outbreak investigations, and analyses of public health trends. These reports often provide information on disease incidence, prevalence, and distribution, as well as recommendations for prevention and control. Special reports focus on specific public health issues or events, such as emerging infectious diseases, natural disasters, or public health emergencies.

The MMWR follows a rigorous review process to ensure the accuracy and reliability of the information it presents. The data published in the report are collected from various sources, including state and local health departments, healthcare providers, and other public health agencies. The CDC analyzes the data and collaborates with experts to develop evidence-based recommendations and guidelines.

The MMWR plays a crucial role in informing public health professionals, policymakers, and healthcare providers about the latest developments in disease surveillance, prevention strategies, and outbreak investigations. It helps guide public health decision-making and facilitates the implementation of effective interventions to protect the population’s health.

In addition to its print publication, the MMWR is freely available online to the public. The reports are regularly disseminated through the CDC’s website, email subscriptions, and social media channels, ensuring broad accessibility and widespread distribution of vital public health information.

3 April 1981

The Osborne 1, the first successful portable computer, is unveiled at the West Coast Computer Faire in San Francisco.

The Osborne 1 is a historic computer that was first introduced in 1981 by Osborne Computer Corporation. It is considered to be one of the first portable computers and was designed by Adam Osborne, who was a pioneer in the personal computer industry.

The Osborne 1 was a groundbreaking device for its time, as it was the first mass-produced portable computer that was small and light enough to be carried by an individual. It weighed around 23 pounds and had a small built-in 5-inch display. The computer also came with a detachable keyboard and two floppy disk drives.

The Osborne 1 was powered by a Zilog Z80 processor and came with 64 kilobytes of memory. It ran the CP/M operating system and was capable of running popular software applications of the time, such as WordStar and VisiCalc.

The Osborne 1 was very popular among business professionals and was used for tasks such as word processing, accounting, and database management. It was also popular among journalists and writers, who found it to be a useful tool for writing and editing on the go.

Despite its early success, the Osborne Computer Corporation ultimately went bankrupt in 1985, due in part to the company’s premature announcement of a successor to the Osborne 1. Nonetheless, the Osborne 1 remains an important landmark in the history of personal computing and is remembered as a groundbreaking device that helped pave the way for modern laptops and mobile computing.

19 July 1981

In a private meeting with U.S. President Ronald Reagan, French President François Mitterrand reveals the existence of the Farewell Dossier, a collection of documents showing the Soviet Union had been stealing American technological research and development.

6 June 1981

Bihar train disaster: A passenger train travelling between Mansi and Saharsa, India, jumps the tracks at a bridge crossing the Bagmati River. The government places the official death toll at 268 plus another 300 missing; however, it is generally believed that the death toll is closer to 1,000.

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