13 December 1943

World War II: The Massacre of Kalavryta by German occupying forces in Greece.

The Massacre of Kalavryta occurred during World War II, specifically in December 1943, when German occupying forces carried out a brutal reprisal against the Greek town of Kalavryta and its surrounding villages. This atrocity was part of a series of reprisals by Axis forces in response to the Greek resistance activities against the German occupation.

On December 13, 1943, German troops entered Kalavryta in search of members of the Greek resistance. They rounded up the male population, accused them of supporting the resistance, and herded them into the local school. The German soldiers then set fire to the town, destroying many buildings. Subsequently, the men were shot, and the entire male population of Kalavryta was systematically killed.

The exact number of victims is uncertain, but it is estimated that over 500 men and boys were executed in Kalavryta and its surrounding areas. The massacre was a horrific event that left a lasting scar on the local community and became a symbol of the brutality of the German occupation in Greece during World War II.

After the war, efforts were made to remember and commemorate the victims of the Kalavryta massacre. The town has since built a memorial dedicated to the victims, and every year on December 13, ceremonies are held to honor the memory of those who lost their lives in this tragic event. The massacre remains a somber reminder of the human cost of war and occupati