Libya becomes independent. Idris I is proclaimed King of Libya
Idris I, born in 1889, led the Senussi Order, a Sufi Islamic movement, and played a crucial role in resisting Italian colonization in the early 20th century. After World War II, as Libya gained independence, Idris I became the king in 1951. His reign lasted until 1969 when he was overthrown by a military coup led by Muammar Gaddafi. Following the coup, Libya became a socialist republic, and Idris I lived in exile until his death in 1983.