5 May 1215

Rebel barons renounce their allegiance to King John of England — part of a chain of events leading to the signing of the Magna Carta.

The Magna Carta is a historical document that was signed in England in 1215. It is also known as the Great Charter and is considered one of the most important legal documents in history. The Magna Carta was created to limit the power of King John of England and to protect the rights of the people.

The document contained 63 clauses, which set out the rights of the church, the barons, and the people. It also established the principle that everyone, including the king, was subject to the law. Some of the key provisions in the Magna Carta included:

The right to a fair trial by jury
Protection against arbitrary imprisonment
Limits on the power of the king to impose taxes and fines
Protection of the rights of widows and heirs
The guarantee of safe passage for those seeking justice

Although the Magna Carta was initially intended to address the concerns of a small group of nobles, its principles had a lasting impact on the development of democratic institutions and the protection of individual rights. It influenced the development of the English legal system and inspired similar documents, such as the United States Constitution and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.